One page of detailed plans to build a wooden holding chute and head gates for beef cattle. Plans for a below-ground shelter 24' X 48' to house beef cattle in the event of terrorist attack or natural disaster. A detailed design of a movable headgate used to hold the head of a head of cattle still for various treatments.
A one-page plan giving a basic corral layout with plans for through and breeding chutes. Detailed plans for a holding chute and a spring-loaded holding chute to be used with complex cattle facilities. Plans for a chute of variable widths that can be mounted on a trailer. Plans for a covered 15'2" X 9' chute for the breeding of beef cattle. Plans for a corral accessory needed to hold the head of a farm animal still for a variety of precedures. A page of detailed building plans of gates and fences for corrals.
Five detailed drawings for constructing a loading ramp and a plan for a sorting trap for cattle. Plans to build a stock to restrain individual animal. Cattle stocks are important equipment on farms and ranches where valuable farm animals are handled.
Stocks are used in trimming hooves and horns or in vaccinatiing or treating cattle with medical problems. Plans for a device to hold a head of cattle without its moving and plans for three head gates. Plans for a stationary and portable stock. Such a piece of equipment is used to hold a farm animal in place for trimming hooves and horns, or in vaccinating or treating cattle.
It reduces the chances of injury and requires less labor for each job. Plans for a chute on wheels for loading and unloading farm animals.
A detailed 3-page design of a 28'7" X 8' trailer for carrying rolled bales of hay. Included are plans for the front truss and axle assembly, tongue connection, tongue hitch detail as well as the bed frame. This plan can be adapted to herd sizes from 70 to more than head and can be built with a variety of pen sizes.
A three-page assortment of corral layouts and plans for a loading chute. A plan for a ' X ' corral with 20 pens, a working chute, loading ramp, water tank, corner design, gate, headgate, and building for an office and storeroom. Plans for a four-pen corral with a curved chute as well as plans for a loading chute, fence and gate. Plans for a 24' X 42' corral for 50 head of cattle with plans for a hold chute, blocking gate, loading ramp and fence.
A four-page plan of a corral complex '6" X ' complete with working pens, a group holding pen, small pens, loading trap, cutting tower, scale, metal and wood gates and fences. A plan for eight corrals and feed lots for more than head of cattle with possible expansion options. A three-page plan to build six separate corrals, a fence, gates, chutes and a ramp. A four-page plan of a six-pen corral complete with plans to build a loading chute, head and exit gate and fence. A four-page plan with detailed building instructions for a 48' X 32' two-pen corral.
Also included are plans to build a gate, headgates, fence and a loading chute. An offering of two plans - one with an interior working chute and a second with an outside working chute. Also illustrated are plans for a gate, head gate, a gate hinge and chutes. Drawings of a corral that can expand from 64' X 70' to more than twice as big as the herd increases.Temple Grandin designed livestock handling facilities with curves and solid sided tubs to keep livestock moving forward without fear.
But analysis by Whit Hibbard and Dr. So click on over and help us meet our Fall Fund Drive goal! Lynn Locatelli, are both practitioners and teachers of the Bud Williams school of stockmanship and are well known for helping feedlots and ranches improve their operations through Low-Stress Livestock Handling education. In this article they look at the handling facilities designed by Temple Grandin, and compare it to their experiences with good stockmanship and animal behavior.
The final article in this series will be a response from Temple Grandin. Solid-sided, curved, tub systems, like those promoted by Temple Grandin can be expensive, but is that our best option? Or are there are other ways to get us where we want to be? This is groundbreaking analysis and On Pasture is honored to be selected to share it as excerpts. The combination of solid sides and degree curves, Grandin asserts, allows for the easy movement of calm animals through the entire processing system.
We challenge this reasoning on four counts. First, although it is true that animals want to go back where they came from, as Grandin states, they primarily want to do this if that place was more comfortable than where they currently are going.
If animals calmly move through curved systems as Grandin claims, there should be no desire on their part to go back where they felt more comfortable, hence the degree curves are superfluous. Second, if for some reason animals are uncomfortable with where we are trying to take them e. Consider driving your car and encountering a degree curve with a high, solid wall delineating the curve. This is exactly the effect that these curves have on the cattle; they approach with caution and slow down, which requires the handler to increase pressure to drive them around the corner.
If increased pressure is required to move cattle through the degree turn and the footing is slick which is common in concrete alleys and tubs due to frozen, wet, or muddy conditions it adds one more element of difficulty for the handler.
Consider walking into a store and slipping and falling on a wet surface that has just been mopped. Do you really care about your shopping list anymore?
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Cattle who feel unstable in their footing do not stay in the frame of mind to calmly move through a frightening system. Do cattle actually think that if they go around such a corner that it will take them back to where they came from? We doubt it. We suspect that that is a case of anthropomorphic projection.
We humans, with our cerebral cortex and consequent reasoning power, may correctly think that, but a cow? We ask the reader: In your experience with working cattle through a single-file alley or chute, for instance, what does an animal do if it really wants to go back to where it came from? It tries to back up or turn around, right? Consequently, cattle frequently have to be driven with significant force around these turns.
The problem, however, is that they resist going forward toward solid walls—which is precisely what happens with solid-sided curves—so the handlers often need to drive them with increasing force through the system. However, if cattle are calm and working well for a handler who uses proper driving technique, they may move through the solid-sided system fine. From the LSLH perspective, alleys, crowd pens, and chutes tend to be easier for cattle to negotiate and more user friendly when they are open and straight.Allowing cattle to become stressed can reduce weight gains, milk production, feed efficiency and disease immunity.
In addition, stress often causes abortions and injuries to animals and employees. Cattle stress is reduced by using proper handling techniques and facilitated with corrals designed for smooth animal flow. Their natural instinct is to turn around and come back out. If the next open gate is adjacent to the one you just closed, cattle will naturally flow through it without being pressured, because that is the direction they want to go. Work from their sides where they can see you. This action maintains cattle flow and that is the objective.
Cattle can be held in the alleyway and sorted into any of the adjacent pens. Maximum width for a common alleyway used to sort cattle is 12 feet. The alleyway can also be used to confine cattle for spraying. The decision of whether to use a Bud Box or a tub for a crowding pen is basically a matter of personal preference. A Bud Box is simply a small rectangular corral named after Bud Williams, one of the livestock low-stress-handling pioneers. Williams used it on a ranch he managed and has since built and promoted Bud Boxes for ranchers willing to work cattle using the techniques he taught.
To accomplish this, the crowd pen is built in a degree arc, which makes cattle think they are going back to their point of entry. Open top halves allow cattle to see the handler on the opposite side of the fence where he controls flow. Gill says that a Bud Box or tub needs to be large enough to hold the number of cattle needed to fill the crowd alley.
Cattle should never be left in the box or tub after the crowd alley is filled. Any remaining cattle should be allowed to go back into the holding pen. Like the Bud Box or tub, it is better to use half-panels to cover the bottom of the crowd alley sides than building complete solid walls. The half-panels allow cattle to see you, which allows flow control while standing at their sides.
This allows a cow to follow another into the crowd alley before it starts curving. Once the crowd alley starts curving, it looks like a dead-end to a cow. A curved crowd alley has its advantages. The person working the crowd alley can walk directly across from the tub or box to the squeeze chute without stopping cattle flow. A curved alley also saves steps for a person working both the crowd alley and squeeze chute. Gill feels that the curved crowd alley was adopted because people think cattle like to move in a circle.
They only move in this fashion when they are trying to keep an eye on you. Cattle can see everywhere but directly behind them or a small blind spot in front. Movement behind a cow causes the animal to turn her head to keep you in her line of sight.The latest designs and ideas.
I trust you to not use it or share it. I thought they might publish a couple of them. Well they used all 11 ideas and turned them into their feature article. I was amazed. I've added over corral ideas since, plus 18 of the best low-labor designs which have since been the subject of over 50 further magazine articles, and put them into 3 online packages.
One idea can save you hundreds of hours labor - or hundreds in material costs - over the life-time of your corral. If you don't think these ideas alone will save you hundreds of dollars. Prices in US dollars. Includes package 1. Plus I'll add extra layouts to suit your herd size - free. Package 3 includes package 2. The layouts are drawn to scale.
Plus I'll add layouts to suit your herd size. Immediate download PDF. Mention the number of cattle you have and I'll add plans that size. Plus you have it immediately. African, Brazilian or N. Let them decide. Let them know where you want them to go, but then let them decide.Right and wrong layout for Cattle. This diagram shows both the right and wrong layout for a curved race system.
If the single file race is bent too sharply where it joins the crowd pen the cattle may refuse to enter because it looks like a dead end. Cattle standing in the round crowd pen must be able to see a minimum of three body lengths up the single file chute before the curve begins. Right and wrong layout for Pigs This diagram shows both the right and wrong layout for pigs. If the single file race is bent too sharply where it joins the crowd pen, the pigs may refuse to enter. The pigs must be able to see a minimum of three body lengths up the race before it bends.
In this position, the bubble formed by the collective flight zone facilitates movement into the single file race. The design of the curved race enables the handler to always be positioned along the inner radius. The outer perimeter fences and round tub should have solid sides.
Catwalks can be eliminated if top position of fences on the inner fences are open. This enables a skilled handler to work the flight zone. For less skilled handlers who do not understand flight zone principles completely, solid sides are recommended. Round crowd pen where handler works at gate pivot point This design eliminates the catwalks on the outer perimeter of the round crowd pen.
All outer perimeter fences are solid to block distractions. After the handler has filled the crowd pen and placed the gate in the position shown, he moves to the pivot point and moves the cattle with a flag through the open fence. The cattle will naturally circle around him because they have a natural behavior to go back to where they came from.
The handler should take advantage of natural following behavior by waiting until the single file race has space in it before filling the crowd pen. This design works best with two people. One handler works the inner radius of the curved single file race. The second person brings in cattle from holding pens and moves them through the round crowd pen.This past month as a part of the National Association of County Agricultural Agents Conference in South Dakota, I was given the opportunity, along with many other agents from across the country, to tour ranches and feedyards.
Temple Grandin that had become the industry standard. It seems that what is old is new. Grandins systems have been installed in virtually every cattle slaughter plant that have employees with limited training in cattle handling.
Both system designs have the same goal of reducing stress on cattle as they work through processing facilities. Credit: Michelle Proctor, University of Missouri. Bud Williams shares some insight on the correct use of a Bud Box:. The Bud Box should be fairly open so the animals will go into it easily.
Remember, that the thing that makes this work is when they come to the dead end they naturally want to go back. You have to pause for a few seconds and give them a chance to decide to turn around and then pressure them lightly against the dead end. You should be standing very close to the entrance to the single file chute. Just remember to always be on the inside of the circle that the cattle make to go into the opening. These people will distract the cattle.
They need to be focusing on you. If loading trucks, only bring the number you need to load the compartment. The most common error people make when using the Bud Box is instead of pressuring the animals against the back end of the box and letting the cattle decide to circle back, the person will go around the cattle and try to drive them into the opening.
This totally defeats the principals of the Bud Box. There is nothing magical or mystical about a Bud Box. It is a facility design that allows the handler to position themselves correctly to facilitate cattle flow out of the box into either the crowd alley leading to a chute or to a trailer load out. Always keep in mind that the Box is a flow- through part of the facility. Cattle should never be stored in the Box waiting to be sent into the crowd alley or to a trailer.
Bring them in and let them flow back out immediately. Dimensions are important to successful use of a Box but not as critical as handler position in relation to the stock leaving the Box. Without proper position and attention to detail a Box will only confuse the stock and frustrate the handler. The Box should be large enough to accommodate a volume of cattle to fill the crowd alley or fill a trailer compartment. A crowd alley to a squeeze chute should hold a minimum of 4 cows and might need to hold 20 head depending on the speed of processing.
Crowd alleys on cow-calf operations will typically hold 5 to 6 cows. Facilities working calves or yearlings routinely need crowd alleys for 12 to 20 head of cattle.
Remember, the crowd alley will normally not be empty when additional cattle are brought through the Box. To maintain flow it will be necessary to add additional cattle while one or two stand in the crowd alley awaiting processing.
Consequently the length of the crowd alley is important. Ideally the crowd alley would be long enough to hold an adequate number of cattle for processing while more cattle are brought through the Box — without disrupting flow.The primary reasons for constructing a corral and working facility are to observe cattle closely, perform routine health functions, and improve labor efficiency.
A good working facility is merely an extension of a well-planned corral which matches the site and existing structures.
The importance of site selection cannot be overstressed. Consider drainage, prevailing winds, nearby allweather roads, and utilities, i. A corral is often built to meet current needs, but it should also provide for easy expansion.
The heart of a corral is the working chute and crowding pens. Desirable characteristics for a working chute include:. Cattle move more freely when they cannot see the cattlemen or the squeeze chute until they are within a few feet of the end of the working chute.
If a balky animal requires prodding, it is a short distance from the squeeze chute or headgate to any location beside the curved working chute. Consequently, a herd of cattle can be worked in less time with a curved working chute compared to a straight chute.
This reduces the ability of an animal to turn around. Sloping sides are more adaptable to cow-calf operations because different sizes of cattle can be worked efficiently in the same chute.Setting Up Your Cattle Handling Facility
Recommended widths for the bottom and top of working chutes are listed in Table 1. For exotic breeds weighing more than pound cattle, the width dimension should be increased two inches. To accommodate exotic bulls, it may be necessary to increase width dimensions by four inches. Overhead restrainers prevent cattle from rearing up and turning around or falling over backward in the chute and are strongly recommended for working chutes with totally enclosed sides.
Restrainers are generally located 60 inches above the chute floor but can be made adjustable to suit any size of animal. Without overhead restrainers, emergency release panels are desirable.
Emergency release panels are side panels that can be opened to release animals that fall down in the chute and become lodged.
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A working chute should be capable of confining at least three head of cattle for efficient labor utilization. A length of 20 feet should be sufficient to accommodate three or four mature cows.
This minimum length allows one person operating the crowding area to keep the working chute charged without delays in receiving cattle at the squeeze chute. A concrete floor in the working chute and crowding pen provides an all-weather surface and aids in sanitation.
A concrete floor can be readily cleaned after working cattle to aid in preventing spread of disease.
A rough finish on the concrete floor is required for good traction. A well-designed and constructed crowding area reduces the labor required to work cattle—enabling one man to keep the working chute charged. Desirable characteristics for a crowding area are:.