Towns and cities bustled with activity as factories converted to round-the-clock production of military equipment. Streets teemed with military personnel -- not just Canadians, but also thousands of personnel from Allied countries around the world. The war was also omnipresent in the media. Radio, movie houses, newspapers, magazines featured constant news updates, and advertisements from the government and citizens groups promoting the war effort.
On the east coast scores of German submarines sank more than a hundred ships, many within sight of shore. Volunteers in remote coastal areas worked as observers for the military to warn about enemy activity in the air and at sea. Across the country many people too young or too old, or not physically qualified for active military service joined student cadet corps and reserve military units to carry out evening and weekend service. Most community groups and religious faiths performed volunteer work - knitting warm woollen clothing, collecting books and newspapers, or baking cookies and other treats to send to the men and women serving at the fighting fronts see Women and the War on the Home Front These efforts reflected a personal bond between the population and the war effort.
Genocide of European Roma (Gypsies), 1939–1945
Nearly one Canadian in ten enlisted for full-time service in armed forces so that almost everyone still at home had a family member or friend in uniform. News of the hundreds or thousands of Canadian servicepeople killed or badly injured in periods of intense combat on the Atlantic, in Europe, and in Asia therefore deeply touched communities across the country.
Back to Exhibitions. Politics and Government. The War Economy and Controls. Life on the Homefront. The Canadian Armed Forces. Canadian Prisoners of the Axis Powers.
Post-War Planning. Search for :. Detailed Search. Volunteers make warm clothing to send to military personnel on the fighting front Photo : National Film Board.Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials.
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CHC2P - Grade 10 Canadian History Since World War I
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Grade Levels. PowerPoint PresentationsHandoutsRubrics. File Type. Product Description. The two leaders share a shockingly similar path to power and ultimate demise. After viewing the PowerPoint lesson and taking notes, students will complete a satirical obituary of either leader based on their research. A marking rubric as well as student handout for the obituary is included for this engaging activity that challenges students to use satirical humour by thinking critically.
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Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter? All Categories. Grade Level. Resource Type. Log In Join Us. View Wish List View Cart. Grade Levels. ActivitiesHandoutsOutlines. File Type. Product Description. Using an in-depth reading students will take notes on both sides of the question: was the Canadian Government justified in their actions?
After taking notes the class will have small, partnered debates on the topic using their notes as support for arguments. Beside each purchase you'll see a Provide Feedback button. Simply click it and you will be taken to a page where you can give a quick rating and leave a short comment for the product.
Life on the Homefront
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Add to Wish List. Share this resource. Epic History Teach Followers. Keep in Touch! Sign Up.Fast track courses offer an accelerated assessment turnaround time which allows students the opportunity to move through the course at a faster pace. This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since This unit discusses Canada's role in the First World War, and how it contributed to Canadian identity.
It will address the issues of Canadian sovereignty, French- English relations, and the Aboriginal contribution to the war effort. The unit will also examine how, during this period and because of the war, the economy, the status of women, and immigration policy all changed.
This unit will address the following questions: How did Canada exert and gain sovereignty during this period? Why is it significant that Canada's sovereignty was recognized by other nations?
How did the political climate of Canada change during this period of time? Why were these changes significant? How did the economic state of regions of Canada, Canada as a whole, and the world, influence events and attitudes in Canada during this time?
How have Canadian attitudes towards human rights changed since the s? This unit examines the ways in which the Great Depression affected Canadians' daily lives, as well as the changes in Canadian domestic and international policies.
This period marks the rise of Socialism, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and new social welfare policies. In keeping with the course's larger themes, this unit also addresses the issue of Canadian identity and sovereignty with the introduction of the Statute of Westminster WWII was the deadliest conflict in human history.
This, in addition to the mass slaughter of civilians during this time, led to massive social, political, and economic changes in Canada, and throughout the world. International organizations were implemented to make sure atrocities, such as the Holocaust, would never occur again. Citizens felt entitled to more rights and a higher standard of living after what they had contributed to their country. This led to the formation of many human rights organizations, and the implementation of new social welfare policies.
This unit examines in greater depth the social, political and cultural themes from the previous unit. During this era, racist policies were removed from immigration orders, the fight for equal pay for women began in earnest, and status Aboriginals were finally given the right to vote without having to give up being status Aboriginals. Refugees, once turned away from Canada's borders, entered by the hundreds of thousands.
However, despite these improvements to human rights, conflict continued.
The Cold War started immediately after WWII between western capitalist democracies and eastern communist dictatorships, both sides testing nuclear bombs in Korea, Vietnam and elsewhere. This unit deals with the era in Canada that spans Trudeau's time as Prime Minister with an interlude in of Joe Clark's premiership. Canada was forever changed directly by Trudeau's changes, like his policies on bilingualism, multiculturalism and environmentalism. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which Canadians celebrate and enjoy to this day, is also a legacy of Trudeau's government.
Civil rights groups still debate his response to terrorism inand financial analysts still debate his attitude towards the country's money. It will also study the fall of the Berlin Wall inand the end of the Cold War. With only one super-power left in the world, politics became, in some ways, more complex. The European Union was born; Iraq became an enemy state to the West; Yugoslavia and Rwanda became notorious during periods of intense violence.
Undoubtedly, the greatest sea change was the terrorist attack of September 11,and the world's response to it, which continues to this day.
For this assignment, students will produce a virtual museum digital or online exhibit on a specific topic in Canadian history.The German "Blitzkrieg" moved swiftly to the west and the south, splitting the British and French defenders, trapping the British army at Dunkirk and forcing its evacuation from continental Europe.
The British now stood alone, awaiting Hitler's inevitable attempt to invade and conquer their island. Great Britain was in trouble. The soldiers rescued from Dunkirk were exhausted by their ordeal. Worse, most of their heavy armaments lay abandoned and rusting on the French beaches. After a short rest, the Germans began air attacks in early summer designed to seize mastery of the skies over England in preparation for invasion.
All that stood between the British and defeat was a small force of RAF pilots outnumbered in the air by four to one. Day after day the Germans sent armadas of bombers and fighters over England hoping to lure the RAF into battle and annihilate the defenders. Day after day the RAF scrambled their pilots into the sky to do battle often three, four or five times a day. Britain's air defense bent but did not break. By September, the Germans lost enthusiasm for the assault.
Hitler postponed and then canceled invasion plans, turning his attention to the defeat of Russia.
CHC2P CHC2D World War Two: Hitler & Mussolini
In appreciation of the RAF pilots' heroic effort, Winston Churchill declared: "Never before in human history was so much owed by so many to so few. World War II. The Heinkel mainstay bomber of the German attack. A Londoner's view of the air war. The vapor trails mark the twisting turns of the combatants. The Supermarine Spitfire and the Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft were the mainstay of the British defense during the Battle of Britain.From July 10 through October 31,pilots and support crews on both sides took to the skies and battled for control of airspace over Great Britain, Germany and the English Channel.
The powerful, combat-experienced Luftwaffe hoped to conquer Britain easily, but the RAF proved a formidable enemy. With the help of the Soviet Unionhowever, Germany secretly defied the treaty and trained air force pilots and support staff on combat planes.
By the start of World War II inthe Luftwaffe was the strongest and best-trained air force in the world. He planned a massive invasion by land and sea, code named Operation Sea Lion, but knew he needed to defeat the RAF first. Hitler hoped his Luftwaffe and its fierce reputation would intimidate Britain enough that they would surrender peacefully, and even dangled the prospect of a peace treaty.
Churchill believed Hitler and the evils of Nazism had to be abolished no matter what. In his speech, Churchill said, "the Battle of France is over. I expect the Battle of Britain is about to begin. Churchill knew failure was not an option, and his powerful speech boosted the morale and patriotism of the British people, its military and Parliament. Hitler and many of his generals were unprepared to invade Britain.
On July 10,the Luftwaffe attacked Britain, performing reconnaissance missions and targeting coastal defenses, ports and radar stations. Their efforts, however, did little damage to the RAF. Despite being outnumbered, the RAF retaliated by bombing Berlin. To ensure massive casualties, German bombing was carried out at night. On September 15, the Luftwaffe began two massive raids on London, eager to force the British to the negotiating table, but they could not defeat the RAF or gain control of British airspace.
By the end of OctoberHitler called off his planned invasion of Britain and the Battle of Britain ended. Both sides suffered enormous loss of life and aircraft. Still, Britain weakened the Luftwaffe and prevented Germany from achieving air superiority. It was the first major defeat of the war for Hitler. The British won the Battle of Britain due to a confluence of factors. They were defending their home territory, so were more motivated to succeed, and also knew the local geography better than the invaders.
Germany needed to control the English Channel to invade Britain, and the battle prevented them from gaining that valuable control. It also enabled the Americans to establish a base of operations in England to invade Normandy on D-Day in Battle of Britain.
International Churchill Society. WW 2 Facts. How the Luftwaffe Fought the Battle of Britain. Imperial War Museum. Military History Matters. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Dunkirk is a small town on the coast of France that was the scene of a massive military campaign during World War II. General Douglas The battle is infamous as one of the largest, longest and bloodiest engagements in modern warfare: From August through February When the country surrendered a month later, he joined the thousands of fliers, mechanics and ground staff who made their way first toGenocide of European Roma Gypsies Among the groups the Nazi regime and its Axis partners singled out for persecution on so-called racial grounds were the Roma Gypsies.
Drawing support from many non-Nazi Germans who harbored social prejudice towards Roma, the Nazis judged Roma to be "racially inferior. Under the Nazi regime, German authorities subjected Roma to arbitrary internment, forced labor, and mass murder. German authorities murdered tens of thousands of Roma in the German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union and Serbia and thousands more in the killing centers at Auschwitz-BirkenauChelmnoBelzecSobiborand Treblinka.
Both in the so-called Greater German Reich and in the so-called Generalgouvernement, German civilian authorities managed several forced-labor camps in which they incarcerated Roma. With German victory in the invasion of Poland assured, he intended to deport 30, German and Austrian Roma from the Greater German Reich to the Generalgouvernement that part of German-occupied Poland not annexed directly to Germany.
Governor General Hans Frank, the top civilian occupation official in the Generalgouvernement, foiled this plan when he refused to accept large numbers of Roma and Jews into the Generalgouvernement in the spring of German authorities did deport some Roma from the Greater German Reich to occupied Poland in and SS and police authorities incarcerated them in forced-labor camps.
The conditions under which they had to live and work proved to be lethal to many of them. The fate of the survivors is unknown; it is likely that the SS murdered those who were still alive in the gas chamber of Belzec, Sobibor, or Treblinka. In the autumn ofGerman police authorities deported 5, Sinti and Lalleri Gypsies from Austria to the ghetto for Jews in Lodzwhere they resided in a segregated section.
Nearly half of the Roma died within the first months of their arrival, due to lack of adequate food, fuel, shelter, and medicines. German SS and police officials deported those who survived these dreadful conditions to the killing center at Chelmno in the first months of There, along with tens of thousands of Jewish residents of the Lodz ghetto, the Roma died in gas vans, poisoned by carbon monoxide gas.
Intending to deport them from the so-called Greater German Reich in the near future, German authorities confined all Roma in so-called Gypsy camps Zigeunerlager. With the suspension of deportations of Roma inthese facilities became long-term holding pens. Marzahn in Berlin along with Lackenbach and Salzburg in Austria were among the worst of these camps. Hundreds of Roma died as a result of the horrendous conditions.
At least 5, and perhaps as many as 15, persons fell under these exemptions, although local authorities often ignored the distinctions during roundups. Police authorities even seized and deported Roma soldiers serving in the German armed forces Wehrmachtwhile they were home on leave.
In general, the German police deported Roma in the Greater German Reich to Auschwitz-Birkenauwhere the camp authorities housed them in a special compound called the "Gypsy family camp.